Similarities and Differences between Madhubani and Kalamkari Paintings!!

Similarities and Differences between Madhubani and Kalamkari Paintings!!

Kavitha Rao

India has wide and rich folk painting Traditions. Madhubani and Kalamkari are the most significant ones which are widely adopted in sarees, blouses, dupattas and other clothing.

To check out items with these paintings, please visit and search for Madhubai or Kalamkari.

Both forms of painting are Traditional folk art forms belonging to two different geographical locations which describes local culture and traditions.


Material : Both Madhubani and Kalamkari use Natural Materials like plant based colors, cowdung and soot (Environment friendly colors and techniques)

Theme: Both are inspired by Hindu Mythological theme and are inspired from epics like Ramayana, Mahabaratha and also depicts court scenes and other natural objects.

GI Tags: Both Artforms have obtained Geographical indications in India.

Local styles: Both are very complex in nature and involve multiple layers of work and time.


Tools and Technique: Madhubani uses brush / fingers to paint on mud-plastered walls and now processed on paper using cattle dung and water. Kalamkari uses pen made of Bamboo.

Influence: Kalamkari has Islamic influence due to Bahami rulers. Madhubani has Hindu influence with Tulsi plant appearing in all paintings.

Region: Madhubani flourished in Mitila region of Biharand and has no outside influence whereas Kalamkari flourished in Deccan Region of Andhra Pradesh and has significant influence of Persian culture.

Patronage: Madhubani was practiced and carried over by locals without much patronage but Kalamkari received patronage from Golconda, Mughals and British.

If you have a desire for these forms of folk art then visit our website.




17 Nov